benzoin


benzoin
benzoin [ben′zō in΄, ben zō′in; ben′zoin΄]
n.
[Fr benjoin < It benzoino < Ar lubān jāwī, incense of Java: lu- dropped because falsely assumed to be the article]
1. a balsamic resin obtained from certain tropical Asiatic trees (genus Styrax of the storax family) and used in medicine and perfumery and as incense
2. any of a genus (Lindera) of aromatic plants of the laurel family; esp., the spicebush of E North America
3. Chem. a white, crystalline substance, C6H5CHOHCOC6H5, used in making antiseptic ointments and in respiration inhalants

English World dictionary. . 2014.

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  • Benzoin — IUPAC name …   Wikipedia

  • Benzoin — Ben*zoin (b[e^]n*zoin ), n. [Cf. F. benjoin, Sp. benjui, Pg. beijoin; all fr. Ar. lub[=a]n j[=a]w[=i] incense form Sumatra (named Java in Arabic), the first syllable being lost. Cf. {Benjamin}.] Note: [Called also {benjamin}.] 1. A resinous… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • benzoin — balsamic resin obtained from a tree (Styrax benzoin) of Indonesia, 1560s (earlier as bengewine, 1550s), from M.Fr. benjoin (16c.), which comes via Spanish, Portuguese, or Italian from Arabic luban jawi incense of Java (actually Sumatra, with… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Benzoin — Benzoin, Benzol u. Benzon, s.u. Benzoyl B) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Benzoīn — Benzoīn, Baum, s. Styrax …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Benzoin — Strukturformel Allgemeines Name Benzoin Andere Namen 2 Hy …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • benzoin — benzoin1 /ben zoh in, zoyn, ben zoh in/, n. 1. Also called gum benjamin, gum benzoin. a reddish brown, aromatic balsamic resin occurring in almondlike fragments and having a vanillalike odor, obtained from trees of the genus Styrax, esp. S.… …   Universalium

  • Benzoin — Ben|zo|in [zu ↑ Benzoe], das; s, e: Syn.: 2 Hydroxy 1,2 diphenylethanon: ein ↑ Acyloin, das natürlicherweise im Benzoeharz (Benzoin) vorkommt oder durch Benzoin Addition (früher: B. Kondensation, vgl. Acyloin Addition) herzustellen ist. * * *… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • benzoin — benzoinis stirakas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Stirakinių šeimos prieskoninis, vaistinis augalas (Styrax benzoin), paplitęs atogrąžų Azijoje. Iš jo gaunami lipai, eterinis aliejus ir derva. atitikmenys: lot. Styrax benzoin angl.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • benzoin — A balsamic resin obtained from Styrax b. (family Styracaceae), used as a stimulant expectorant, but usually by inhalation in laryngitis and bronchitis; it retards rancidification of fats and is used for this purpose in the official benzoinated… …   Medical dictionary